The association of specific executive functions and falls risk in people with mild cognitive impairment and early-stage dementia

van der Wardt, Veronika and Logan, Phillipa A. and Hood, Victoria and Booth, Victoria and Masud, Tahir and Harwood, Rowan H. (2015) The association of specific executive functions and falls risk in people with mild cognitive impairment and early-stage dementia. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 40 (3-4). pp. 178-185. ISSN 1421-9824

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Abstract

Background/Aims:

Impairment in executive function is associated with a heightened risk for falls in people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. The purpose of this study was to determine which aspects of executive function are associated with falls risk.

Methods:

Forty-two participants with a mean age of 81.6 years and a diagnosis of MCI or mild dementia completed five different executive function tests from the computerised CANTAB test battery and a comprehensive falls risk assessment.

Results:

A hierarchical regression analysis showed that falls risk was significantly associated with spatial memory abilities and inhibition of a pre-potent response.

Conclusion:

The concept of executive function may be too general to provide meaningful results in a research or clinical context, which should focus on spatial memory and inhibition of a pre-potent response.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel
Keywords: Memory impairment, Falls, Cognition, Inhibition of a pre-potent response, Executive function, Attention switching, Spatial memory
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Rehabilitation and Ageing
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1159/000433523
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/433523#UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Dziunka, Patricia
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2017 13:18
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 18:34
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/40009

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