The scales of general well-being (SGWB)

Longo, Ylenio and Coyne, Iain and Joseph, Stephen (2017) The scales of general well-being (SGWB). Personality and Individual Differences, 109 . pp. 148-159. ISSN 0191-8869

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Abstract

This paper presents the development and validation of a new well-being questionnaire: the Scales of General Well-Being (SGWB). A review of current measures identified fourteen common constructs as lower-order indicators of well-being: happiness, vitality, calmness, optimism, involvement, self-awareness, self-acceptance, self-worth, competence, development, purpose, significance, self-congruence and connection. Three studies were then conducted. In study 1, the item pool was developed and the adequacy of its content to assess each of the fourteen constructs was evaluated by consulting a panel of six subject expert academics. In study 2, the dimensionality was assessed in an adult North American sample (N = 560). The results supported the hierarchical factor structure. In study 3, further evidence confirmed the factor structure, and provided support for the measure’s internal and test-retest reliability, measurement invariance across gender, age and a longitudinal period of 5 weeks, and criterion validity in an adult North American sample (N = 1,101). The SGWB promises to be a useful research tool that provides both a global measure of well-being as well as a collection of fourteen individual health-related scales.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Scale development; Scale validation; Bifactor; Higher-order; Well-being; Measurement; Quality of life
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Education
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.paid.2017.01.005
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2017 13:16
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2017 17:19
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/39803

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