‘Browning’ the cardiac and peri-vascular adipose tissues to modulate cardiovascular risk

Aldiss, Peter and Davies, Graeme and Woods, Rachel and Budge, Helen and Sacks, Harold S. and Symonds, Michael E. (2017) ‘Browning’ the cardiac and peri-vascular adipose tissues to modulate cardiovascular risk. International Journal of Cardiology, 228 . pp. 265-274. ISSN 1874-1754

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Abstract

Excess visceral adiposity, in particular that located adjacent to the heart and coronary arteries is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. In the pathophysiological state, dysfunctional adipose tissue secretes an array of factors modulating vascular function and driving atherogenesis. Conversely, brown and beige adipose tissues utilise glucose and lipids to generate heat and are associated with improved cardiometabolic health. The cardiac and thoracic perivascular adipose tissues are now understood to be composed of brown adipose tissue in the healthy state and undergo a brown-to-white transition i.e. during obesity which may be a driving factor of cardiovascular disease. In this review we discuss the risks of excess cardiac and vascular adiposity and potential mechanisms by which restoring the brown phenotype i.e. “re-browning” could potentially be achieved in clinically relevant populations.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Epicardial adipose tissue; Perivascular adipose tissue; Brown adipose tissue; CVD
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Child Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.11.074
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2017 14:41
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2017 16:17
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/39635

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