Reciprocal control in adaptive environments

Jäger, Nils and Schnädelbach, Holger and Hale, Jonathan and Kirk, David and Glover, Kevin (2017) Reciprocal control in adaptive environments. Interacting with Computers . ISSN 1873-7951

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Abstract

Computing has become an established part of the built environment augmenting it to become adaptive. We generally assume that we control the adaptive environments we inhabit. Using an existing adaptive environment prototype, we conducted a controlled study testing how the reversal of control (where the environment attempts to influence the behaviour of the inhabitant) would affect participants. Most participants changed their respiratory behaviour in accordance with this environmental manipulation. Behavioural change occurred either consciously or unconsciously. We explain the two different paths leading participants to behavioural change: (1) We adapt the model of interbodily resonance, a process of bodily interaction observable between, for example, partners engaged in verbal dialogue, to describe the unconscious bodily response to subtle changes in the environment. (2) And we apply the model of secondary control, an adjustment of one’s own expectations to maintain the pretence of control, to describe conscious cognitive adaptation to the changing environment. We also discuss potential applications of our findings in therapeutic and other settings.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Control; Embodiment; Adaptive Environments; Interaction
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Architecture and Built Environment
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Computer Science
Identification Number: 10.1093/iwc/iww037
Depositing User: Hatton, Mrs Kirsty
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2016 12:12
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 21:56
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/39077

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