Text messaging to encourage uptake of HIV testing amongst African communities: findings from a theory based feasibility study

Evans, Catrin and Turner, K. and Blake, Holly and Juma, A. and Suggs, S. and Occa, A. (2015) Text messaging to encourage uptake of HIV testing amongst African communities: findings from a theory based feasibility study. HIV Medicine, 16 (S2). p. 54. ISSN 1468-1293

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Abstract

Background: There is a public health need to tackle high levels of undiagnosed (or late diagnosed) HIV amongst the UK's African communities. This research aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of using a text messaging intervention to encourage uptake of HIV testing amongst this population in a UK city.

Methods: Participatory research adopting a mixed-methods design. Four distinct stages included:

[1] Formative Research: Six focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with diverse sections of the African community to assess perceptions about HIV and to inform message development (n=48). The Health Belief Model (HBM) was used as an organising framework for data analysis and interpretation.

[2] Message Development: SMS messages were developed based on HBM constructs, existing HIV campaigns and FGD findings, and tailored according to language, gender and religion. 12 HIV-related and 12 generic health-related text messages were developed and piloted using elicitation interview processes.

[3] Intervention and outcomes: 172 participants were recruited. They received 2 messages per week for 12 weeks. Data was collected in pre and post questionnaire surveys assessing uptake of HIV testing, HIV-related attitudes and knowledge and perceived general health.

[4] Evaluation: Acceptability and meaningfulness of the intervention were explored via semi-structured telephone interviews (n=21). Data were analysed using thematic content analysis.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Text messaging to encourage uptake of HIV testing amongst African communities: Findings from a theory-based feasibility study / C. Evans, K. Turner, H. Blake, A. Juma, S. Suggs, A. Occa (2015), Poster Abstracts. HIV Medicine, 16: 12–77. doi: 10.1111/hiv.12265, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hiv.12265. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/hiv.12265
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2016 08:39
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2016 03:10
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/39026

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