Dormant and after-ripened Arabidopsis thaliana seeds are distinguished by early transcriptional differences in the imbibed state

Dekkers, Bas J.W. and Pearce, Simon P. and van Bolderen-Veldkamp, R.P.M. and Holdsworth, Michael J. and Bentsink, Leónie (2016) Dormant and after-ripened Arabidopsis thaliana seeds are distinguished by early transcriptional differences in the imbibed state. Frontiers in Plant Science, 7 . 1323/1-1323/15. ISSN 1664-462X

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Abstract

Seed dormancy is a genetically controlled block preventing the germination of imbibed seeds in favorable conditions. It requires a period of dry storage (after-ripening) or certain environmental conditions to be overcome. Dormancy is an important seed trait, which is under selective pressure, to control the seasonal timing of seed germination. Dormant and non-dormant (after-ripened) seeds are characterized by large sets of differentially expressed genes. However, little information is available concerning the temporal and spatial transcriptional changes during early stages of rehydration in dormant and nondormant seeds. We employed genome-wide transcriptome analysis on seeds of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana to investigate transcriptional changes in dry seeds upon rehydration. We analyzed gene expression of dormant and after-ripened seeds of the Cvi accession over four time points and two seed compartments (the embryo and surrounding single cell layer endosperm), during the first 24 h after sowing. This work provides a global view of gene expression changes in dormant and non-dormant seeds with temporal and spatial detail, and these may be visualized via a web accessible tool (http://www.wageningenseedlab.nl/resources). A large proportion of transcripts change similarly in both dormant and non-dormant seeds upon rehydration, however, the first differences in transcript abundances become visible shortly after the initiation of imbibition, indicating that changes induced by after-ripening are detected and responded to rapidly upon rehydration. We identified several gene expression profiles which contribute to differential gene expression between dormant and non-dormant samples. Genes with enhanced expression in the endosperm of dormant seeds were overrepresented for stress-related Gene Ontology categories, suggesting a protective role for the endosperm against biotic and abiotic stress to support persistence of the dormant seed in its environment.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. it is reproduced with permission
Keywords: After-ripening, Arabidopsis, Dormancy, Embryo, Endosperm, Seed, Transcriptome
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Biosciences > Division of Plant and Crop Sciences
Identification Number: 10.3389/fpls.2016.01323
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2016 10:51
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 21:53
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/38963

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