Analysis of a hysteresis-controlled self-oscillating class-D amplifier

Cox, Stephen M. and Yu, Jun and Goh, Wang Ling and Tan, Meng Tong (2016) Analysis of a hysteresis-controlled self-oscillating class-D amplifier. IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics, 82 (2). pp. 355-370. ISSN 1464-3634

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This paper gives the first systematic perturbation analysis of the audio distortion and mean switching period for a self-oscillating class-D amplifier. Explicit expressions are given for all the principal components of audio distortion, for a general audio input signal; the specific example of a sinusoidal input is also discussed in some detail, yielding an explicit closed-form expression for the total harmonic distortion (THD). A class-D amplifier works by converting a low-frequency audio input signal to a high-frequency train of rectangular pulses, whose widths are slowly modulated according to the audio signal. The audiofrequency components of the pulse-train are designed to agree with those of the audio signal. In many varieties of class-D amplifier, the pulse-train is generated using a carrier wave of fixed frequency, well above the audio range. In other varieties, as here, there is no such fixed-frequency clock, and the local frequency of the pulse-train varies in response to the audio input. Such self-oscillating designs pose a particular challenge for comprehensive mathematical modelling; we show that in order to properly account for the local frequency variations, a warped-time transformation is necessary. The systematic nature of our calculation means it can potentially be applied to a range of other self-oscillating topologies. Our results for a general input allow ready calculation of distortion diagnostics such as the intermodulation distortion (IMD), which prior analyses, based on sinusoidal input, cannot provide.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics following peer review. The version of record Stephen M. Cox, Jun Yu, Wang Ling Goh, and Meng Tong Tan Analysis of a hysteresis-controlled self-oscillating class-D amplifier IMA J Appl Math first published online December 26, 2016 doi:10.1093/imamat/hxw053 is available online at:
Keywords: Class-D amplifier, Mathematical model, Astable integrating modulator, Hysteresis-controlled Self-oscillating modulator, Hysteresis comparator
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical Sciences
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2016 13:51
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 18:24

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