Distinct genetic architectures for syndromic and nonsyndromic congenital heart defects identified by exome sequencing

Sifrim, Alejandro, Hitz, Marc-Phillip, Wilsdon, Anna, Breckpot, Jeroen, Turki, Saeed H Al, Thienpont, Bernard, McRae, Jeremy, Fitzgerald, Tomas W, Singh, Tarjinder, Swaminathan, Ganesh Jawahar, Prigmore, Elena, Rajan, Diana, Abdul-Khaliq, Hashim, Banka, Siddharth, Bauer, Ulrike M.M., Bentham, Jamie, Berger, Felix, Bhattacharya, Shoumo, Bu'Lock, Frances A., Canham, Natalie, Colgiu, Irina-Gabriela, Cosgrove, Catherine, Cox, Helen, Daehnert, Ingo, Daly, Allan, Danesh, John, Fryer, Alan, Gewillig, Marc, Hobson, Emma, Hoff, Kirstin, Homfray, Tessa, Kahlert, Anne-Karin, Ketley, Ami, Kramer, Hans-Heiner, Lachlan, Katherine, Lampe, Anne Katrin, Louw, Jacoba J., Manickara, Ashok Kumar, Manase, Dorin, McCarthy, Karen P., Metcalfe, Kay, Moore, Carmel, Newbury-Ecob, Ruth, Omer, Seham Osman, Ouwehand, Willem H., Park, Soo-Mi, Parker, Michael J., Pickardt, Thomas, Pollard, Martin O., Robert, Leema, Roberts, David J., Sambrook, Jennifer, Setchfield, Kerry, Stiller, Brigitte, Thornborough, Christopher, Toka, Okan, Watkins, Hugh, Williams, Denise, Wright, Michael, Mital, Seema, Daubeney, Piers E.F., Keavney, Bernard, Goodship, Judith, Abu-Sulaiman, Riyadh Mahdi, Klaassen, Sabine, Wright, Caroline F., Firth, Helen V., Barrett, Jeffrey C., Devriendt, Koenraad, FitzPatrick, David R., Brook, J. David and Hurles, Matthew E. (2016) Distinct genetic architectures for syndromic and nonsyndromic congenital heart defects identified by exome sequencing. Nature Genetics, 48 (9). pp. 1060-1065. ISSN 1546-1718

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Congenital heart defects (CHDs) have a neonatal incidence of 0.8–1%. Despite abundant examples of monogenic CHD in humans and mice, CHD has a low absolute sibling recurrence risk (~2.7%), suggesting a considerable role for de novo mutations (DNMs) and/or incomplete penetrance. De novo protein-truncating variants (PTVs) have been shown to be enriched among the 10% of 'syndromic' patients with extra-cardiac manifestations. We exome sequenced 1,891 probands, including both syndromic CHD (S-CHD, n = 610) and nonsyndromic CHD (NS-CHD, n = 1,281). In S-CHD, we confirmed a significant enrichment of de novo PTVs but not inherited PTVs in known CHD-associated genes, consistent with recent findings. Conversely, in NS-CHD we observed significant enrichment of PTVs inherited from unaffected parents in CHD-associated genes. We identified three genome-wide significant S-CHD disorders caused by DNMs in CHD4, CDK13 and PRKD1. Our study finds evidence for distinct genetic architectures underlying the low sibling recurrence risk in S-CHD and NS-CHD.

Item Type: Article
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/797962
Additional Information: Related link to University of Manchester repository is to a version believed to be REF compliant.
Keywords: Clinical Genetics, Congenital Heart Defects, Genetics Research
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.3627
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2016 14:11
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 17:58
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/38584

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