Using crowdsourced trajectories for automated OSM data entry approach

Basiri, Anahid and Amirian, Pouria and Mooney, Peter (2016) Using crowdsourced trajectories for automated OSM data entry approach. Sensors, 16 (9). 1510/1-1510/19. ISSN 1424-8220

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Abstract

The concept of crowdsourcing is nowadays extensively used to refer to the collection of data and the generation of information by large groups of users/contributors. OpenStreetMap (OSM) is a very successful example of a crowd-sourced geospatial data project. Unfortunately, it is often the case that OSM contributor inputs (including geometry and attribute data inserts, deletions and updates) have been found to be inaccurate, incomplete, inconsistent or vague. This is due to several reasons which include: (1) many contributors with little experience or training in mapping and Geographic Information Systems (GIS); (2) not enough contributors familiar with the areas being mapped; (3) contributors having different interpretations of the attributes (tags) for specific features; (4) different levels of enthusiasm between mappers resulting in different number of tags for similar features and (5) the user-friendliness of the online user-interface where the underlying map can be viewed and edited. This paper suggests an automatic mechanism, which uses raw spatial data (trajectories of movements contributed by contributors to OSM) to minimise the uncertainty and impact of the above-mentioned issues. This approach takes the raw trajectory datasets as input and analyses them using data mining techniques. In addition, we extract some patterns and rules about the geometry and attributes of the recognised features for the purpose of insertion or editing of features in the OSM database. The underlying idea is that certain characteristics of user trajectories are directly linked to the geometry and the attributes of geographic features. Using these rules successfully results in the generation of new features with higher spatial quality which are subsequently automatically inserted into the OSM database.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: OpenStreetMap; completeness; spatial data quality; crowdsourcing; trajectory data mining
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering
Identification Number: 10.3390/s16091510
Depositing User: Mellor, Alison
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2016 09:51
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 21:44
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/38441

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