Hearing impairment and cognitive energy: the Framework for Understanding Effortful Listening (FUEL)

Pichora-Fuller, M. Kathleen and Kramer, Sophia and Eckert, Mark A. and Edwards, Brent and Hornsby, Benjamin W.Y. and Humes, Larry E. and Lemke, Ulrike and Lunner, Thomas and Matthen, Mohan and Mackersie, Carol L. and Naylor, Graham and Phillips, Natalie A. and Richter, Michael and Rudner, Mary and Sommers, Mitchell S. and Tremblay, Kelly L. and Wingfield, Arthur (2016) Hearing impairment and cognitive energy: the Framework for Understanding Effortful Listening (FUEL). Ear and Hearing, 37 . 5S-27S. ISSN 1538-4667

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Available under Licence Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

The Fifth Eriksholm Workshop on “Hearing Impairment and Cognitive Energy” was convened to develop a consensus among interdisciplinary experts about what is known on the topic, gaps in knowledge, the use of terminology, priorities for future research, and implications for practice. The general term cognitive energy was chosen to facilitate the broadest

possible discussion of the topic. It goes back to Titchener (1908) who described the effects of attention on perception; he used the term psychic energy for the notion that limited mental resources can be flexibly allocated among perceptual and mental activities. The workshop focused on three main areas: (1) theories, models, concepts, definitions, and frameworks; (2) methods and measures; and (3) knowledge translation. We defined effort as the deliberate allocation of mental resources to overcome obstacles in goal pursuit when carrying out a task, with listening effort applying more specifically when tasks involve listening. We adapted Kahneman’s seminal (1973) Capacity Model of Attention to listening and proposed a heuristically useful Framework for Understanding

Effortful Listening (FUEL). Our FUEL incorporates the well-known relationship between cognitive demand and the supply of cognitive capacity that is the foundation of cognitive theories of attention. Our FUEL also incorporates a motivation dimension based on complementary theories of motivational intensity, adaptive gain control, and optimal performance, fatigue, and pleasure. Using a three-dimensional illustration, we highlight how listening effort depends not only on hearing difficulties and task demands but also on the listener’s motivation to expend mental effort in the challenging situations of everyday life.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Attention, Autonomic nervous system, Cognitive capacity, Cognitive energy, Effortful listening, Executive function, Fatigue, Listening effort, Hearing impairment, Motivation, Neuroeconomics,Stress, Working memory
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Clinical Neuroscience
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000312
Depositing User: Naylor, Graham
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2016 11:44
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2016 11:52
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/38051

Actions (Archive Staff Only)

Edit View Edit View