Mycobacteriosis outbreak caused by Mycobacterium aviumsubsp.avium detected through meat inspection in five porcine fattening farms

Pérez de Val, B. and Grau-Roma, Llorenc and Segalés, J. and Domingo, M. and Vidal, E. (2013) Mycobacteriosis outbreak caused by Mycobacterium aviumsubsp.avium detected through meat inspection in five porcine fattening farms. Veterinary Record, 174 (4). 96/1-96/3. ISSN 2042-7670

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Abstract

Between December 2010 and January 2011 a number (n=20) of cases were submitted to the Slaughterhouse Support Service (Servei de Suport a Escorxadors, SESC-CReSA), consisting of grossly nodular granulomatous and caseous lesions in pig carcasses from five different farms. Lesions involved lymph nodes, lungs, liver and spleen.

Histopathological examination showed multifocal to coalescent, granulomatous and necrotizing splenitis, hepatitis, pneumonia and lymphadenitis. The presence of acid-fast bacilli in some cases revealed that it was a mycobacteriosis.

Bacteriological analysis was performed to confirm the diagnosis and identify the aetiological agent (to rule out it was from the M. tuberculosis complex mycobacteria, which includes species causing human and animal tuberculosis). The identification of culture isolates by PCR confirmed the growth of M. avium complex. Further sequencing analysis determined it was M. avium. subsp. avium.

The most likely source of the outbreak was considered to be the feed which shared the five farms, which might have been contaminated with M. avium subsp. avium (common pathogen in poultry and other birds). The fact that most of the animals presented a clear involvement of abdominal viscera is consistent with an oral route of infection.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2013 British Veterinary Association
Keywords: Mycobacteriosis, Tuberculosis, Pigs, Mycobacterium avium, Slaughterhouse
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine and Science
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.101886
Depositing User: Grau Roma, Llorenc
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2016 13:34
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2016 13:43
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/37936

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