Perceptual learning reduces crowding in amblyopia and in the normal periphery

Hussain, Zahra and Webb, Ben S. and Astle, Andrew T. and McGraw, Paul V. (2012) Perceptual learning reduces crowding in amblyopia and in the normal periphery. Journal of Neuroscience, 32 (2). pp. 474-480. ISSN 1529-2401

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Abstract

Amblyopia is a developmental visual disorder of cortical origin, characterized by crowding and poor acuity in central vision of the affected eye. Crowding refers to the adverse effects of surrounding items on object identification, common only in normal peripheral but not central vision. We trained a group of adult human amblyopes on a crowded letter identification task to assess whether the crowding problem can be ameliorated. Letter size was fixed well above the acuity limit, and letter spacing was varied to obtain spacing thresholds for central target identification. Normally sighted observers practiced the same task in their lower peripheral visual field. Independent measures of acuity were taken in flanked and unflanked conditions before and after training to measure crowding ratios at three fixed letter separations. Practice improved the letter spacing thresholds of both groups on the training task, and crowding ratios were reduced after posttest. The reductions in crowding in amblyopes were associated with improvements in standard measures of visual acuity. Thus, perceptual learning reduced the deleterious effects of crowding in amblyopia and in the normal periphery. The results support the effectiveness of plasticity-based approaches for improving vision in adult amblyopes and suggest experience-dependent effects on the cortical substrates of crowding.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Psychology
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3845-11.2012
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2016 13:19
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2016 05:24
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/37874

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