Reappraisal buffers the association between stress and negative mood measured over 14 days: implications for understanding psychological resilience

Johnson, Judith and O'Connnor, Daryl B. and Jones, Christopher and Jackson, Christopher and Hughes, Gareth J. and Ferguson, Eamonn (2016) Reappraisal buffers the association between stress and negative mood measured over 14 days: implications for understanding psychological resilience. European Journal of Personality . ISSN 1099-0984 (In Press)

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Abstract

Reappraisal is thought to be an adaptive emotion regulation strategy, and research suggests that individuals who habitually reappraise report more positive patterns of affect overall. However, some experimental studies indicate that a greater tendency to reappraise can exacerbate stress response, and it is unclear whether reappraisal confers resilience or exacerbates response to naturally occurring stressors. In order to address this, the present study investigated whether reappraisal prospectively moderated the association between daily stressors and daily negative mood measured over 14 days. Participants (n = 236) completed a measure of reappraisal at baseline, before completing daily online entries of stress and positive and negative mood. Data were analysed using multilevel modelling. Results suggested that reappraisal moderated the association between stress and negative mood, such that higher levels of reappraisal were associated with lower levels of negative mood in response to stress. Moreover, higher reappraisal was also independently associated with lower levels of daily negative mood and higher levels of positive mood. These results suggest that higher reappraisal may confer resilience to stress.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Set statement to be added after online publication: "This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [FULL CITE], which has been published in final form at [Link to final article using the DOI]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving." 12 month embargo, doi, publication details. Eamonn Ferguson emailed. KJH 29.09.16
Keywords: emotion regulation; reappraisal; suppression; rumination; resilience
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Science > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2016 10:17
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2016 02:23
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/37257

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