Bronchiectasis and the risk of cardiovascular disease: a population-based study

Navaratnam, Vidya and Millett, Elizabeth R.C. and Hurst, John R. and Thomas, Sara L. and Smeeth, Liam and Hubbard, Richard B. and Brown, Jeremy and Quint, Jennifer K. (2016) Bronchiectasis and the risk of cardiovascular disease: a population-based study. Thorax . ISSN 1468-3296

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Abstract

Background: There are limited data on the burden of cardiovascular comorbidities in people with bronchiectasis. Our cross-sectional study estimates the burden of pre-existing diagnoses of coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke in people with bronchiectasis compared with the general population. The historical cohort study investigates if individuals with bronchiectasis are at increased risk of incident CHD and stroke events.

Methods: We used primary care electronic records from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. The cross-sectional study used logistic regression to quantify the association between bronchiectasis and recorded diagnoses of CHD or stroke. Cox regression was used to investigate if people with bronchiectasis experienced increased incident CHD and strokes compared with the general population, adjusting for age, sex, smoking habit and other risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

Results Pre-existing diagnoses of CHD (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.25 to 1.41) and stroke (OR 1.92, 95% CI 1.85 to 2.01) were higher in people with bronchiectasis compared with those without bronchiectasis, after adjusting for age, sex, smoking and risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The rate of first CHD and stroke were also higher in people with bronchiectasis (HR for CHD 1.44 (95% CI 1.27 to 1.63) and HR for stroke 1.71 (95% CI 1.54 to 1.90)).

Conclusion: The risk of CHD and stroke are higher among people with bronchiectasis compared with the general population. An increased awareness of these cardiovascular comorbidities in this population is needed to provide a more integrated approach to the care of these patients.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Bronchiectasis, Clinical epidemiology
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Epidemiology and Public Health
University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Respiratory Medicine
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2015-208188
Depositing User: Claringburn, Tara
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2016 07:42
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2016 10:23
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/37203

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