The misuses of sustainability: adult education, citizenship and the dead hand of neoliberalism

Holford, John (2016) The misuses of sustainability: adult education, citizenship and the dead hand of neoliberalism. International Review of Education, 62 (5). pp. 541-561. ISSN 1573-0638

PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Available under Licence Creative Commons Attribution.
Download (460kB) | Preview


‘‘Sustainability’’ has a captivating but disingenuous simplicity: its meanings are complex, and have political and policy significance. Exploring the application of the term to adult education, this paper argues that a particular discourse of ‘‘sustainability’’ has become a common-sense, short-circuiting critical analysis and understanding of policy options. This ‘‘business discourse’’ of sustainability, strongly influenced by neoliberal ideas, encourages the presumption that educational programmes and movements which have died out were unsustainable, bound to fail, and even responsible – having failed to adapt – for their own demise. Potentially valuable experience is thus excluded from the educational policy canon. The author uses three cases from 20th-century adult education, namely (1) English liberal adult education; (2) ‘‘mass education’’, also known as community development, in the British colonies; and (3) UNESCO’s Fundamental Education, to challenge this presumption. He demonstrates for each case how a business discourse has implied their ‘‘unsustainability’’, but that the reality was more complex and involved external political intervention.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adult education; sustainability; citizenship; 20th century; history of adult education
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Education
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2016 13:13
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2016 22:07

Actions (Archive Staff Only)

Edit View Edit View