Supercapacitor and supercapattery as emerging electrochemical energy stores

Chen, George Z. (2016) Supercapacitor and supercapattery as emerging electrochemical energy stores. International Materials Reviews . pp. 1-30. ISSN 1743-2804

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Abstract

This article reviews critically selected recent literature on electrochemical energy storage (EES) technologies, focusing on supercapacitor and also supercapattery which is a generic term for various hybrid devices combining the merits of rechargeable battery and supercapacitor. Fundamentals of EES are explained, aiming at clarification of some literature confusions such as the differences between capacitive and non-capacitive Faradaic charge storage mechanisms, and between cathode and positive electrode (positrode), and between anode and negative electrode (negatrode). In particular, the concept and origin of pseudocapacitance are qualitatively correlated with the band model for semiconductors. Strategies for design and construction of supercapattery are discussed in terms of both the materials structures and device engineering. Selection of materials, including electrolytes, is another topic reviewed selectively. Graphenes and carbon nanotubes are the favourable choice to composite with both capacitive and non-capacitive redox materials for improved kinetics of charge storage processes and charge-discharge cycling stability. Organoaqueous electrolytes show a great potential to enable EES to work at sub-zero temperatures, whilst solid ion conducting membranes and ionic liquids can help develop high voltage (> 4.0 V) and hence high energy supercapatteries.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Supercapattery; Supercapacitor; Capacitive and non-capacitive faradaic processes; Nanocomposite; Organoaqueous and non-aqueous electrolytes; Device engineering
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/09506608.2016.1240914
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2016 10:36
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2016 12:43
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/37125

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