Examining ecological validity in social interaction: problems of visual fidelity, gaze, and social potential

Reader, Arran T. and Holmes, Nicholas P. (2016) Examining ecological validity in social interaction: problems of visual fidelity, gaze, and social potential. Culture and Brain . pp. 1-13. ISSN 2193-8660

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Abstract

Social interaction is an essential part of the human experience, and much work has been done to study it. However, several common approaches to examining social interactions in psychological research may inadvertently either unnaturally constrain the observed behaviour by causing it to deviate from naturalistic performance, or introduce unwanted sources of variance. In particular, these sources are the differences between naturalistic and experimental behaviour that occur from changes in visual fidelity (quality of the observed stimuli), gaze (whether it is controlled for in the stimuli), and social potential (potential for the stimuli to provide actual interaction). We expand on these possible sources of extraneous variance and why they may be important. We review the ways in which experimenters have developed novel designs to remove these sources of extraneous variance. New experimental designs using a ‘two-person’ approach are argued to be one of the most effective ways to develop more ecologically valid measures of social interaction, and we suggest that future work on social interaction should use these designs wherever possible

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Social interaction, Ecological validity, Gaze, Visual fidelity, Social potential, Two-person
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Science > School of Psychology
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40167-016-0041-8
Depositing User: Holmes, Nicholas
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2016 10:12
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2016 15:19
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/37104

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