Post-traumatic growth as positive personality change: developing a measure to assess within-person variability
Blackie, Laura E.R. and Jayawickreme, Eranda and Tsukayama, Eli and Forgeard, Marie, J.C. and Roepke, Ann Marie and Fleeson, William (2016) Post-traumatic growth as positive personality change: developing a measure to assess within-person variability. Journal of Research in Personality . ISSN 0092-6566
Earlier work has defined post-traumatic growth (PTG) as positive personality change, but measurement of this construct has relied almost exclusively on cross-sectional and retrospective assessments. The aim of this study was to use an experience-sampling procedure to measure the extent to which PTG manifested in individuals’ everyday lives after a recent highly stressful or traumatic adverse event (compared to a control group). In doing so, we developed a state measure of PTG. The factor structure of state PTG was comparable to trait PTG, there was significant variability in individuals’ PTG from moment-to-moment, but individuals’ trait PTG was unrelated to their state PTG. Moreover, individuals who had experienced a recent adversity did not differ from control participants on state PTG.
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