Quantum non-equilibrium dynamics of Rydberg gases in the presence of dephasing noise of different strengths

Levi, Emanuele and Gutierrez, Ricardo and Lesanovsky, Igor (2016) Quantum non-equilibrium dynamics of Rydberg gases in the presence of dephasing noise of different strengths. Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 49 (18). 184003/1-184003/8. ISSN 1361-6455

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In the presence of strong dephasing noise the dynamics of Rydberg gases becomes effectively classical, due to the rapid decay of quantum superpositions between atomic levels. Recently a great deal of attention has been devoted to the stochastic dynamics that emerges in that limit, revealing several interesting features, including kinetically constrained glassy behaviour, self-similarity and aggregation effects. However, the non-equilibrium physics of these systems, in particular in the regime where coherent and dissipative processes contribute on equal footing, is yet far from being understood. To explore this we study the dynamics of a small one-dimensional Rydberg lattice gas subject to dephasing noise by numerically integrating the quantum master equation. We interpolate between the coherent and the strongly dephased regime by defining a generalised concept of a blockade length. We find indications that the main features observed in the strongly dissipative limit persist when the dissipation is not strong enough to annihilate quantum coherences at the dynamically relevant time scales. These features include the existence of a time-dependent Rydberg blockade radius, and a growth of the density of excitations which is compatible with the power-law behaviour expected in the classical limit.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article published in Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at doi:10.1088/0953-4075/49/18/184003.
Keywords: Rydberg, blockade, non-equilibrium, dissipation, dephasing
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Identification Number: 10.1088/0953-4075/49/18/184003
Depositing User: Levi, Emanuele
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2016 10:40
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 14:08
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/36330

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