Growth of free-standing bulk wurtzite AlxGa1−xN layers by molecular beam epitaxy using a highly efficient RF plasma source

Novikov, Sergei V. and Staddon, Christopher R. and Sahonta, S-L and Oliver, R.A. and Humphreys, C.J. and Foxon, C.T. (2016) Growth of free-standing bulk wurtzite AlxGa1−xN layers by molecular beam epitaxy using a highly efficient RF plasma source. Journal of Crystal Growth . ISSN 0022-0248

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Abstract

The recent development of group III nitrides allows researchers world-wide to consider AlGaN based light emitting diodes as a possible new alternative deep ultra–violet light source for surface decontamination and water purification. In this paper we will describe our recent results on plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (PA-MBE) growth of free-standing wurtzite AlxGa1−xN bulk crystals using the latest model of Riber's highly efficient nitrogen RF plasma source. We have achieved AlGaN growth rates up to 3 µm/h. Wurtzite AlxGa1−xN layers with thicknesses up to 100 μm were successfully grown by PA-MBE on 2-inch and 3-inch GaAs (111)B substrates. After growth the GaAs was subsequently removed using a chemical etch to achieve free-standing AlxGa1−xN wafers. Free-standing bulk AlxGa1−xN wafers with thicknesses in the range 30–100 μm may be used as substrates for further growth of AlxGa1−xN-based structures and devices. High Resolution Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (HR-STEM) and Convergent Beam Electron Diffraction (CBED) were employed for detailed structural analysis of AlGaN/GaAs (111)B interface and allowed us to determine the N-polarity of AlGaN layers grown on GaAs (111)B substrates. The novel, high efficiency RF plasma source allowed us to achieve free-standing AlxGa1−xN layers in a single day's growth, making this a commercially viable process.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: A1. Substrates; A3. Molecular beam epitaxy; B1. Nitrides; B2. Semiconducting III–V materials
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2016.07.038
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2016 07:51
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2016 20:42
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/35729

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