The effect of pulmonary rehabilitation on mortality, balance, and risk of fall in stable patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review

Hakamy, Ali and Bolton, Charlotte E. and McKeever, Tricia M. (2016) The effect of pulmonary rehabilitation on mortality, balance, and risk of fall in stable patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review. Chronic Respiratory Disease . ISSN 1479-9731 (In Press)

[img] PDF - Repository staff only - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (423kB)

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the impact of pulmonary rehabilitation on survival and fall (including balance) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at stability.

Design: Systematic Review.

Methods: OVID, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Collaboration Library were searched for literature dating from January 1980 up to November 2014 as well as an update in October 2015. Two reviewers screened titles, abstracts and full text records, extracted data and assessed studies for risk of bias; any disagreements were resolved by a third member of the team, and consensus was always sought.

Results: Initial searches yielded 3216 records but after review, only 7 studies were included and no studies focused solely on falls. Two cohort studies found some positive benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation on balance but the results were inconsistent across the studies. Regarding survival, two randomised controlled trials were conducted; one study showed significant survival benefit at 1 year while the other one showed non-significant survival benefit at 3 years. Neither were adequately powered and in both, survival was a secondary outcome.

Conclusions: There was only limited inconclusive evidence to show that pulmonary rehabilitation has a significant beneficial effect on balance or survival.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: COPD, Pulmonary Rehabilitation, Survival, Mortality, Fall, Balance
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Epidemiology and Public Health
University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Respiratory Medicine
Depositing User: Claringburn, Tara
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2016 08:38
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2016 10:28
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/35644

Actions (Archive Staff Only)

Edit View Edit View