Qualitative spatial logics for buffered geometries
Du, Heshan and Alechina, Natasha (2016) Qualitative spatial logics for buffered geometries. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, 56 . pp. 693-745. ISSN 1076-9757
Official URL: http://jair.org/papers/paper5140.html
This paper describes a series of new qualitative spatial logics for checking consistency of sameAs and partOf matches between spatial objects from different geospatial datasets, especially from crowd-sourced datasets. Since geometries in crowd-sourced data are usually not very accurate or precise, we buffer geometries by a margin of error or a level of tolerance a E R≥0, and define spatial relations for buffered geometries. The spatial logics formalize the notions of 'buffered equal' (intuitively corresponding to `possibly sameAs'), 'buffered part of' ('possibly partOf'), 'near' (`possibly connected') and 'far' ('definitely disconnected'). A sound and complete axiomatisation of each logic is provided with respect to models based on metric spaces. For each of the logics, the satisfiability problem is shown to be NP-complete. Finally, we briefly describe how the logics are used in a system for generating and debugging matches between spatial objects, and report positive experimental evaluation results for the system.
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