A new approach for optimising GNSS positioning performance in harsh observation environments
Pan, Shuguo and Meng, Xiaolin and Gao, Wang and Wang, Shengli and Dodson, Alan (2014) A new approach for optimising GNSS positioning performance in harsh observation environments. Journal of Navigation, 67 (2014). pp. 1029-1048. ISSN 1469-7785
Official URL: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9375384&fileId=S0373463314000423
Maintaining good positioning performance has always been a challenging task for Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) applications in partially obstructed environments. A method that can optimise positioning performance in harsh environments is proposed. Using a carrier double-difference (DD) model, the influence of the satellite-pair geometry on the correlation among different equations has been researched. This addresses the critical relationship between DD equations and its ill-posedness. From analysing the collected multi-constellation observations, a strong correlation between the condition number and the positioning standard deviation is detected as the correlation coefficient is larger than 0·92. Based on this finding, a new method for determining the reference satellites by using the minimum condition number rather than the maximum elevation is proposed. This reduces the ill-posedness of the co-factor matrix, which improves the single-epoch positioning solution with a fixed DD ambiguity. Finally, evaluation trials are carried out by masking some satellites to simulate common satellite obstruction scenarios including azimuth shielding, elevation shielding and strip shielding. Results indicate the proposed approach improves the positioning stability with multi-constellation satellites notably in harsh environments.
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