Spatiotemporal analysis of GPS time series in vertical direction using independent component analysis

Liu, Bin and Dai, Wujiao and Peng, Wei and Meng, Xiaolin (2015) Spatiotemporal analysis of GPS time series in vertical direction using independent component analysis. Earth, Planets and Space, 67 . ISSN 1880-5981

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GPS has been widely used in the field of geodesy and geodynamics thanks to its technology development and the improvement of positioning accuracy. A time series observed by GPS in vertical direction usually contains tectonic signals, non-tectonic signals, residual atmospheric delay, measurement noise, etc. Analyzing these information is the basis of crustal deformation research. Furthermore, analyzing the GPS time series and extracting the non-tectonic information are helpful to study the effect of various geophysical events. Principal component analysis (PCA) is an effective tool for spatiotemporal filtering and GPS time series analysis. But as it is unable to extract statistically independent components, PCA is unfavorable for achieving the implicit information in time series. Independent component analysis (ICA) is a statistical method of blind source separation (BSS) and can separate original signals from mixed observations. In this paper, ICA is used as a spatiotemporal filtering method to analyze the spatial and temporal features of vertical GPS coordinate time series in the UK and Sichuan-Yunnan region in China. Meanwhile, the contributions from atmospheric and soil moisture mass loading are evaluated. The analysis of the relevance between the independent components and mass loading with their spatial distribution shows that the signals extracted by ICA have a strong correlation with the non-tectonic deformation, indicating that ICA has a better performance in spatiotemporal analysis.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Vertical GPS time series; Non-tectonic deformation; Spatiotemporal analysis; Common-mode error; Independent component analysis
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Civil Engineering
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Meng, Xiaolin
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2016 07:28
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2016 04:31

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