Improved particle size control for the dispersion polymerization of methyl methacrylate in supercritical carbon dioxide

McAllister, Thomas D. and Farrand, Louise D. and Howdle, Steven M. (2016) Improved particle size control for the dispersion polymerization of methyl methacrylate in supercritical carbon dioxide. Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics . ISSN 1521-3935

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Abstract

Dispersion polymerization is a well-established method of producing polymer particles that are easily handled and processed. With careful choice of reaction conditions this technique can yield well defined, spherical particles for a wide range of applications. The use of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) as a reaction medium offers a route to performing these syntheses without excessive use of volatile organic solvents and minimizes work-up and disposal steps. However a significant drawback has been the fact that up till now the control of particle size and morphology from CO2 have been limited. This study presents control of particle size and morphology over an unprecedented range for a single stabilizer in scCO2 by coordinating a few simple parameters to tailor the conditions toward different sizes. Further, this study introduces the novel approach in scCO2 of using delayed monomer addition which allows considerable reduction of the batch-to-batch variability as well as reduced agglomeration between particles.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: McAllister, T.D., Farrand, L.D. and Howdle, S.M. (2016), Improved Particle Size Control for the Dispersion Polymerization of Methyl methacrylate in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide. Macromol. Chem. Phys., which has been published in final form at doi: 10.1002/macp.201600131. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Science > School of Chemistry
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/macp.201600131
Depositing User: Bramwell, Roseanna
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2016 14:10
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2016 15:24
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/35120

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