Understanding coastal morphodynamic patterns from depth-averaged sediment concentration

Ribas, Francesca, Falques, Albert, De Swart, Huib E., Dodd, Nicholas, Garnier, Roland and Calvete, Daniel (2015) Understanding coastal morphodynamic patterns from depth-averaged sediment concentration. Reviews of Geophysics, 53 (2). pp. 362-410. ISSN 8755-1209

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This review highlights the important role of the depth-averaged sediment concentration (DASC) to understand the formation of a number of coastal morphodynamic features that have an alongshore rhythmic pattern: beach cusps, surf zone transverse and crescentic bars, and shoreface-connected sand ridges. We present a formulation and methodology, based on the knowledge of the DASC (which equals the sediment load divided by the water depth), that has been successfully used to understand the characteristics of these features. These sand bodies, relevant for coastal engineering and other disciplines, are located in different parts of the coastal zone and are characterized by different spatial and temporal scales, but the same technique can be used to understand them. Since the sand bodies occur in the presence of depth-averaged currents, the sediment transport approximately equals a sediment load times the current. Moreover, it is assumed that waves essentially mobilize the sediment, and the current increases this mobilization and advects the sediment. In such conditions, knowing the spatial distribution of the DASC and the depth-averaged currents induced by the forcing (waves, wind, and pressure gradients) over the patterns allows inferring the convergence/divergence of sediment transport. Deposition (erosion) occurs where the current flows from areas of high to low (low to high) values of DASC. The formulation and methodology are especially useful to understand the positive feedback mechanisms between flow and morphology leading to the formation of those morphological features, but the physical mechanisms for their migration, their finite-amplitude behavior and their decay can also be explored.

Item Type: Article
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/754898
Keywords: Sediment transport; coastal morphodynamic patterns; nearshore sandbars; beach cusps; sand ridges; self-organization
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Civil Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/2014RG000457
Depositing User: Dodd, Nicholas
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2016 14:47
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 17:11
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/35031

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