Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA): the wavelength dependence of galaxy structure versus redshift and luminosity

Kennedy, Rebecca and Bamford, Steven P. and Baldry, Ivan and Häußler, Boris and Holwerda, Benne W. and Hopkins, Andrew M. and Kelvin, Lee S. and Lange, Rebecca and Moffett, Amanda J. and Popescu, Cristina C. and Taylor, Edward N. and Tuffs, Richard J. and Vika, Marina and Vulcani, Benedetta (2015) Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA): the wavelength dependence of galaxy structure versus redshift and luminosity. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 454 (1). pp. 806-817. ISSN 1365-2966

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Abstract

We study how the sizes and radial profiles of galaxies vary with wavelength, by fitting Sersic functions simultaneously to imaging in nine optical and near-infrared bands. To quantify the wavelength dependence of effective radius we use the ratio, R, of measurements in two rest-frame bands. The dependence of Sersic index on wavelength, N, is computed correspondingly. Vulcani et al. have demonstrated that different galaxy populations present sharply contrasting behaviour in terms of R and N. Here we study the luminosity dependence of this result. We find that at higher luminosities, early-type galaxies display a more substantial decrease in effective radius with wavelength, whereas late types present a more pronounced increase in Sersic index. The structural contrast between types thus increases with luminosity. By considering samples at different redshifts, we demonstrate that lower data quality reduces the apparent difference between the main galaxy populations. However, our conclusions remain robust to this effect. We show that accounting for different redshift and luminosity selections partly reconciles the size variation measured by Vulcani et al. with the weaker trends found by other recent studies. Dividing galaxies by visual morphology confirms the behaviour inferred using morphological proxies, although the sample size is greatly reduced. Finally, we demonstrate that varying dust opacity and disc inclination can account for features of the joint distribution of R and N for late-type galaxies. However, dust does not appear to explain the highest values of R and N. The bulge–disc nature of galaxies must also contribute to the wavelength dependence of their structure

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2015 The authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Keywords: galaxies: formation, galaxies: fundamental parameters, galaxies: general, galaxies: structure
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv2032
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2016 13:36
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2016 12:13
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/34969

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