Phase-imprinting of Bose-Einstein condensates with Rydberg impurities
Mukherjee, Rick and Ates, Cenap and Li, Weibin and Wüster, Sebastian (2015) Phase-imprinting of Bose-Einstein condensates with Rydberg impurities. Physical Review Letters, 115 (4). 040401. ISSN 0031-9007
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.040401
We show how the phase profile of Bose-Einstein condensates can be engineered through its in- teraction with localized Rydberg excitations. The interaction is made controllable and long-range by off-resonantly coupling the condensate to another Rydberg state with laser light. Our technique allows the mapping of entanglement generated in systems of few strongly interacting Rydberg atoms onto much larger atom clouds in hybrid setups. As an example we discuss the creation of a spatial mesoscopic superposition state from a bright soliton. Additionally, the phase imprinted onto the condensate using the Rydberg excitations is a diagnostic tool for the latter. For example a condensate time-of-flight image would permit reconstructing the pattern of an embedded Rydberg crystal.
Actions (Archive Staff Only)