Immunomodulation with self-crosslinked polyelectrolyte multilayer-based coatings
Knopf-Marques, Helena and Singh, Sonali and Htwe, Su Su and Wolfova, Lucie and Buffa, Radovan and Bacharouche, Jalal and Francius, Grégory and Voegel, Jean-Claude and Schaaf, Pierre and Ghaemmaghami, Amir M. and Vrana, Nihal E. and Lavalle, Philippe (2016) Immunomodulation with self-crosslinked polyelectrolyte multilayer-based coatings. Biomacromolecules, 17 (6). pp. 2189-2198. ISSN 1525-7797
Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.biomac.6b00429
This study aims to design an optimal polyelectrolyte multilayer film of poly-L-lysine (PLL) and hyaluronic acid(HA) as an anti-inflammatory cytokine release system in order to decrease the implant failure due to any immune reactions. The chemical modification of the HA with aldehyde moieties allows self-cross-linking of the film and an improvement in the mechanical properties of the film. The cross-linking of the film and the release of immunomodulatory cytokine (IL-4) stimulate the differentiation of primary human monocytes seeded on the films into pro-healing macrophages phenotype. This induces the production of antiinflammatory cytokines (IL1-RA and CCL18) and the decrease of proinflammatory cytokines secreted (IL-12, TNF-α, and IL-1β). Moreover, we demonstrate that cross-linking PLL/HA film using HA-aldehyde is already effective by itself to limit inflammatory processes. Finally, this functionalized self-cross-linked PLL/HA-aldehyde films constitutes an innovative and efficient candidate for immunomodulation of any kind of implants of various architecture and properties.
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