Late consequences of early selection: when memory monitoring backfires
Zawadzka, Katarzyna and Hanczakowski, Maciej and Wilding, Edward L. (2017) Late consequences of early selection: when memory monitoring backfires. Journal of Memory and Language, 92 . pp. 114-127. ISSN 1096-0821
At retrieval, people can adopt a retrieval orientation by which they recreate the mental operations used at encoding. Monitoring by retrieval orientation leads to assessing all test items for qualities related to the encoding task, which enriches foils with some of the qualities already possessed by targets. We investigated the consequences of adopting a retrieval orientation under conditions of repeated monitoring of the same foils. Participants first processed foils in the context of one of two tests encouraging different retrieval orientations. The foils were then re-used on a subsequent test in which retrieval orientation either matched or mismatched that adopted on the first test. In the aggregate data, false alarms for repeated foils were higher when there was a match between the retrieval orientations on both tests. This demonstrates that when retrieval orientation enriches foils with target-like characteristics, it can backfire when repeated monitoring of the same foils is required.
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