Effects of white matter microstructure on phase and susceptibility maps

Wharton, Samuel and Bowtell, Richard W. (2015) Effects of white matter microstructure on phase and susceptibility maps. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 173 (3). pp. 1258-1269. ISSN 1522-2594

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Purpose: To investigate the effects on quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) and susceptibility tensor imaging (STI) of the frequency variation produced by the microstructure of white matter (WM).

Methods: The frequency offsets in a WM tissue sample that are not explained by the effect of bulk isotropic or anisotropic magnetic susceptibility, but rather result from the local microstructure, were characterized for the first time. QSM and STI were then applied to simulated frequency maps that were calculated using a digitized whole-brain, WM model formed from anatomical and diffusion tensor imaging data acquired from a volunteer. In this model, the magnitudes of the frequency contributions due to anisotropy and microstructure were derived from the results of the tissue experiments.

Results: The simulations suggest that the frequency contribution of microstructure is much larger than that due to bulk effects of anisotropic magnetic susceptibility. In QSM, the microstructure contribution introduced artificial WM heterogeneity. For the STI processing, the microstructure contribution caused the susceptibility anisotropy to be significantly overestimated.

Conclusion: Microstructure-related phase offsets in WM yield artifacts in the calculated susceptibility maps. If susceptibility mapping is to become a robust MRI technique, further research should be carried out to reduce the confounding effects of microstructure-related frequency contributions

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Quantitative susceptibility mapping; phase imaging; microstructure; white matter; anisotropy; gradient echo MRI
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/mrm.25189
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2016 08:33
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2016 14:49
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/34514

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