An epidemic in a dynamic population with importation of infectivesTools Ball, Frank and Britton, Tom and Trapman, Pieter (2016) An epidemic in a dynamic population with importation of infectives. Annals of Applied Probability . ISSN 10505164 (In Press)
AbstractConsider a large uniformly mixing dynamic population, which has constant birth rate and exponentially distributed lifetimes, with mean population size $n$. A Markovian SIR (susceptible $\to$ infective $\to$ recovered) infectious disease, having importation of infectives, taking place in this population is analysed. The main situation treated is where $n\to\infty$, keeping the basic reproduction number $R_0$ as well as the importation rate of infectives fixed, but assuming that the quotient of the average infectious period and the average lifetime tends to 0 faster than $1/\log n$. It is shown that, as $ n \to \infty$, the behaviour of the 3dimensional process describing the evolution of the fraction of the population that are susceptible, infective and recovered, is encapsulated in a 1dimensional regenerative process $S=\{ S(t);t\ge 0\}$ describing the limiting fraction of the population that are susceptible. The process $S$ grows deterministically, except at one random time point per regenerative cycle, where it jumps down by a size that is completely determined by the waiting time since the previous jump. Properties of the process $S$, including the jump size and stationary distributions, are determined.
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