Perceiving text and image in Apollinaire's calligrammes

Shingler, Katherine (2011) Perceiving text and image in Apollinaire's calligrammes. Paragraph, 34 (1). pp. 66-85. ISSN 1750-0176

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Literary scholars have recently become increasingly interested in the perceptual and cognitive mechanisms involved in reading, and have incorporated scientific research in this area into their critical approaches to texts. This article argues that such an approach is particularly appropriate when authors explicitly engage with the way in which their texts are visually taken in and processed. This is the case with Guillaume Apollinaire, whose calligrammes are informed by a theory of visual-verbal simultaneity stipulating that the reader should be simultaneously aware of both textual and pictorial aspects of the poem. Experimental research in the psychology of reading and picture perception is used to assess this theory of simultaneity, and specifically to challenge Michel Foucault's claim that reading and viewing are mutually exclusive processes. The article concludes by considering further applications of psychological research to word and image studies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The article has been accepted for publication by Edinburgh University Press in Paragraph, v. 34: 1, 2011, pp. 66-85.
Keywords: Guillaume Apollinaire, visual poetry, simultaneity, experimental psychology, interdisciplinarity, text and image
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Arts > School of Cultures, Languages and Area Studies > Department of French and Francophone Studies
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Shingler, Katherine
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2016 10:34
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 16:30

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