The status of GNSS data processing systems to estimate integrated water vapour for use in numerical weather prediction models
Ahmed, F. and Teferle, F.N. and Bingley, R.M. and Laurichesse, D. (2015) The status of GNSS data processing systems to estimate integrated water vapour for use in numerical weather prediction models. In: [Not determinable]. International Association of Geodesy Symposia . Springer, Berlin, Germany, pp. 1-7.
Official URL: http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/1345_2015_178
Modern Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) models make use of the GNSS-derived Zenith Total Delay (ZTD) or Integrated Water Vapour (IWV) estimates to enhance the quality of their forecasts. Usually, the ZTD is assimilated into the NWP models on 3- hourly to 6-hourly intervals but with the advancement of NWP models towards higher update rates e.g. 1-hourly cycling in the Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) NWP, it has become of high interest to estimate ZTD on sub-hourly intervals. In turn, this imposes requirements related to the timeliness and accuracy of the ZTD estimates and has lead to a development of various strategies to process GNSS observations to obtain ZTD with different latencies and accuracies. Using present GNSS products and tools, ZTD can be estimated in real-time (RT), near real-time (NRT) and post-processing (PP) modes. The aim of this study is to provide an overview and accuracy assessment of various RT, NRT, and PP IWV estimation systems and comparing their achieved accuracy with the user requirements for GNSS meteorology. The NRT systems are based on Bernese GPS Software 5.0 and use a double-differencing strategy whereas the PP system is based on the Bernese GNSS Software 5.2 using the precise point positioning (PPP) strategy. The RT systems are based on the BKG Ntrip Client 2.7 and the PPPWizard both using PPP. The PPP-Wizard allows integer ambiguity resolution at a single station and therefore the effect of fixing integer ambiguities on ZTD estimates will also be presented.
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