Surface chemistry of cellulose nanocrystals
Sirbu, Elena (2016) Surface chemistry of cellulose nanocrystals. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.
Chemical surface modification of cellulose nanocrystals has had a fast development and increased interest from the scientific community as cellulose is the most abundantly available renewable polymer with many advantages such as nanoscale dimensions, high specific strength and modulus, high surface area, unique optical properties and the extraordinary modification potential to increase the application field. This thesis is aimed at expanding and improving upon the current knowledge in order to unlock new applications. Four esterification techniques were applied to the formation of cellulose nanocrystal esters of acrylic acid and methacrylic acid. The degree of surface substitution reached two to three surface hydroxyl groups (the maximum number) available for functionalization and this degree of substitution is very much dependent on the chosen esterification methodology.
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