The Tyche of Berytus: a Phoenician goddess on civic coinage.

Kropp, Andreas (2015) The Tyche of Berytus: a Phoenician goddess on civic coinage. Religion in the Roman Empire (RRE), 1 (2). pp. 201-218. ISSN 2199-4471

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Abstract

This contribution deals with images of Tyche on the civic bronze coinage of the Roman colony of Berytus (Beirut). The visual type of this local patron goddess, a hybrid composition drawing on a variety of iconographic sources, was created in the late first or early second century CE and quickly adopted by cities across the Near East. The meanings of such local divine images are rarely explored. When examined in their proper context, the seemingly generic images of Tyche can be shown to be meaningful to the community in many different ways. With a wider appeal than any other coin types, the Tyche of Berytus stood as the universally acknowledged badge of the city and expressed the collective values of the community. The study of the genesis and meaning of this ‘new’ type of goddess throws a light on the cultural and religious life of Roman Phoenicia.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Roman Numismatics, Roman Art, Cult Images, Beirut, Roman Phoenicia, Tyche, Archaeological Methodology
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Arts > School of Humanities > Department of Classics
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1628/219944615X14296073073575
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://dx.doi.org/10.1628/219944615X14296073073575UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Kropp, Andreas
Date Deposited: 03 May 2016 08:09
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2016 19:33
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/33065

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