A longitudinal study of the association between inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity and children’s academic attainment at age 11

Merrell, Christine and Sayal, Kapil and Tymms, Peter and Kasim, Adetayo (2017) A longitudinal study of the association between inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity and children’s academic attainment at age 11. Learning and Individual Differences, 53 . pp. 156-161. ISSN 1041-6080

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Abstract

Background: The link between inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity and poor academic outcomes is well established. Children with mild difficulties can go unnoticed yet may be at risk of poor academic outcomes.

Aims: To investigate the link between a continuum of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity at age five and academic attainment at age 11.

Sample: The sample comprised 46,369 children from 1812 English primary schools.

Methods: Reading and mathematics when starting school. Teachers rated behaviour at age five. English and mathematics were assessed at age 11.

Results: A substantive negative direct relationship was found between the severity of inattentive behaviour at age 5 and attainment at age 11. Hyperactivity was not significant but impulsivity was weakly but positively associated with attainment. These relationships applied across the whole range of behaviour scores.

Conclusions: Investigation of the continuum of symptoms has important implications for the teachers; particularly for those children with mild inattention whose difficulties may go unnoticed.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Inattention; Hyperactivity; Impulsivity; Attainment; Progress
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.lindif.2016.04.003
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2016 09:33
Last Modified: 11 May 2017 11:42
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/32910

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