Robust and powerful tests for nonlinear deterministic components
Astill, Sam and Harvey, David I. and Leybourne, Stephen J. and Taylor, A. M. Robert (2014) Robust and powerful tests for nonlinear deterministic components. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 77 (6). pp. 780-799. ISSN 1468-0084
We develop a test for the presence of nonlinear deterministic components in a univariate time series, approximated using a Fourier series expansion, designed to be asymptotically robust to the order of integration of the process and to any weak dependence present. Our approach is motivated by the Wald-based testing procedure of Harvey, Leybourne and Xiao (2010) [Journal of Time Series Analysis, vol. 31, p.379-391], but uses a function of an auxiliary unit root statistic to select between the asymptotic I(0) and I(1) critical values, rather than modifying the Wald test statistic as in Harvey et al.. We show that our proposed test has uniformly greater local asymptotic power than the test of Harvey et al. when the shocks are I(1), identical local asymptotic power when the shocks are I(0), and also improved .nite sample properties. We also consider the issue of determining the number of Fourier frequencies used to specify any nonlinear deterministic components, evaluating the performance of algorithmic- and information criterion-based model selection procedures.
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