1 and 5 year survival estimates for people with cirrhosis of the liver in England, 1998–2009: a large population study

Ratib, Sonia and Fleming, Kate M. and Crooks, Colin J. and Aithal, Guru P. and West, Joe (2014) 1 and 5 year survival estimates for people with cirrhosis of the liver in England, 1998–2009: a large population study. Journal of Hepatology, 60 (2). pp. 282-289. ISSN 1600-0641

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Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Large, population-based studies that have included the full spectrum of cirrhosis estimating survival, taking into account time-at-risk are lacking. We aimed to report 1- and 5-year average survival rates for people with cirrhosis to be used in a clinical and healthcare policy setting.

METHODS:

We used the Clinical Practice Research Datalink and linked English Hospital Episode Statistics to identify adult cases of cirrhosis from January 1998 to December 2009. We estimated 1- and 5-year survival according to whether time-at-risk was ambulatory or followed an emergency hospital admission related to liver disease, stratified by age, sex, and aetiology to be used in a clinical setting. We used a multivariate Cox-proportional hazards model with a time-varying variable, adjusted for Baveno IV stage of cirrhosis at diagnosis, age, aetiology, and sex.

RESULTS:

We identified 5118 incident cases. Average survival probabilities at 1- and 5-years were 0.84 (95% CI 0.83-0.86) and 0.66 (95% CI 0.63-0.68) for the ambulatory group and 0.55 (95% CI 0.53-0.57) and 0.31 (95% CI 0.29-0.33) following hospitalisation, respectively. A hospital admission at diagnosis or subsequently for liver disease substantially impaired prognosis independent of stage of cirrhosis (HR=2.78, 95% CI 2.53, 3.06).

CONCLUSIONS:

Emergency hospitalisation for liver disease heralds a downturn in a patient's outlook independent of their stage of cirrhosis. Our results provide population-based clinically translatable estimates of prognosis for the purposes of healthcare delivery and planning and communication to patients.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: cirrhosis, survival, aetiology, population-based
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Epidemiology and Public Health
University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Rheumatology, Orthopaedics and Dermatology
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhep.2013.09.027
Depositing User: Ratib, Dr Sonia
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2016 09:02
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2016 15:18
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/32563

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