Fibre laser piercing of mild steel: the effects of power intensity, gas type and pressure

Hashemzadeh, M. and Powell, J. and Voisey, K.T. (2014) Fibre laser piercing of mild steel: the effects of power intensity, gas type and pressure. Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 55 . pp. 143-149. ISSN 0143-8166

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Abstract

Laser piercing is used to generate a starting point for laser cutting. The pierced hole is normally larger than the kerf width, which means that it cannot lie on the cut line. An experimental program investigating the piercing process as a function of laser and assist gas parameters is presented. An Nd:YAG fibre laser with a maximum power of 2 kW was used in continuous wave mode to pierce holes in 2 mm thick mild steel. Oxygen and nitrogen were used as assist gases, with pressures ranging from 0.3 to 12 bar. The sizes, geometries and piercing time of the holes produced have been analysed. The pierced hole size decreases with increasing gas pressure and increasing laser power. Oxygen assist gas produced larger diameter holes than nitrogen. A new technique is presented which produces pierced holes no larger than the kerf with and would allow the pierced hole to lie on the cut line of the finished product – allowing better material usage. This uses an inclined jet of nitrogen when piercing prior to oxygen assisted cutting.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Optics and Lasers in Engineering. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 55, (2014), doi: 10.1016/j.optlaseng.2013.10.001
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Voisey, Dr KT
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2014 11:49
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2016 04:46
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/3249

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