Tinnitus

Baguley, David and McFerran, Don and Hall, Deborah (2013) Tinnitus. Lancet, 382 . 1600 -1607. ISSN 0140-6736

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Abstract

Tinnitus is a prevalent experience and, for those who are troubled by it, it can be debilitating.

Risk factors include hearing loss, ototoxic medication, head injury and depression, and at presentation

the possibility of otologic disease and of anxiety/depression should be considered. Effective drug

treatments have proven elusive, though this is a vibrant theme in tinnitus research. Surgical

intervention for any otological pathology associated with tinnitus may be effective for that condition,

but the tinnitus may persist. Presently available treatments include the provision of hearing aids when

a hearing loss is identified (even when mild or unilateral), wide band sound therapy and counselling. In

some patients, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is indicated though availability of tinnitus specific

CBT is limited in the UK. Of these treatments the evidence base is strongest for a combination of sound

therapy and CBT based counselling, though clinical trials are constrained by the heterogeneity of the

tinnitus patient population. Research into mechanisms of tinnitus and effective treatments now

abounds, and progress is keenly anticipated.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Open Access funded by Department of Health UK
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Clinical Neuroscience
Depositing User: Hall, Prof Deborah
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2014 13:06
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2016 14:45
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/3228

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