Genetically-controlled Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 1 expression may contribute to Alzheimer’s pathophysiology and susceptibility

Sevlever, Daniel and Zou, Fanggeng and Ma, Li and Carrasquillo, Sebastian and Crump, Michael G. and Culley, Oliver J. and Hunter, Talisha A. and Bisceglio, Gina D. and Younkin, Linda and Allen, Mariet and Carrasquillo, Minerva M. and Sando, Sigrid B. and Aasly, Jan O. and Dickson, Dennis W. and Graff-Radford, Neill R. and Petersen, Ronald C. and Morgan, Kevin and Belbin, Olivia (2015) Genetically-controlled Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 1 expression may contribute to Alzheimer’s pathophysiology and susceptibility. Molecular Neurodegeneration, 10 . 18/1-18/12. ISSN 1750-1326

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Abstract

Background

Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder in which extracellular deposition of β-amyloid (Aβ) oligomers causes synaptic injury resulting in early memory loss, altered homeostasis, accumulation of hyperphosphorylated tau and cell death. Since proteins in the SNAP (Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor Attachment Protein) REceptors (SNARE) complex are essential for neuronal Aβ release at pre-synaptic terminals, we hypothesized that genetically controlled SNARE expression could alter neuronal Aß release at the synapse and hence play an early role in Alzheimer’s pathophysiology.

Results

Here we report 5 polymorphisms in Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 1 (VAMP1), a gene encoding a member of the SNARE complex, associated with bidirectionally altered cerebellar VAMP1 transcript levels (all p < 0.05). At the functional level, we demonstrated that control of VAMP1 expression by heterogeneous knockdown in mice resulted in up to 74% reduction in neuronal Aβ exocytosis (p < 0.001). We performed a case-control association study of the 5 VAMP1 expression regulating polymorphisms in 4,667 Alzheimer’s disease patients and 6,175 controls to determine their contribution to Alzheimer’s disease risk. We found that polymorphisms associated with increased brain VAMP1 transcript levels conferred higher risk for Alzheimer’s disease than those associated with lower VAMP1 transcript levels (p = 0.03). Moreover, we also report a modest protective association for a common VAMP1 polymorphism with Alzheimer’s disease risk (OR = 0.88, p = 0.03). This polymorphism was associated with decreased VAMP1 transcript levels (p = 0.02) and was functionally active in a dual luciferase reporter gene assay (p < 0.01).

Conclusions

Genetically regulated VAMP1 expression in the brain may modify both Alzheimer’s disease risk and may contribute to Alzheimer’s pathophysiology.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: SNARE, Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 1, β-amyloid, Alzheimer’s disease, Synapse
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Life Sciences > School of Molecular Medical Sciences > Human Genetics Research Group
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13024-015-0015-x
Depositing User: Morgan, Kevin
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2016 11:35
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2016 14:34
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/32210

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