Tax policy and the financing of innovation
Bryce, Luis A. and Bonfatti, Roberto and Luigi, Pisano (2016) Tax policy and the financing of innovation. Journal of Public Economics, 135 . pp. 32-46. ISSN 0047-2727
We study tax policy in a Schumpeterian growth model with asymmetric information in the financing of innovation. Investors cannot a priori distinguish between more or less talented entrepreneurs. Net-worth allows talented entrepreneurs to self-invest and avoid being pooled with less talented entrepreneurs in the credit market. Increasing net-worth boosts innovation even when financed through higher profit taxes. Taxing consumption effectively raises net-worth and subsidizes profits simultaneously. Sufficiently taxing consumption implements the social optimum free of adverse selection. If forced to tax consumption less, the government implements a second best allocation with adverse selection when boosting net-worth enough to avoid adverse selection requires taxing profits excessively.
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