The challenges of implementing ADHD clinical guidelines and research best evidence in routine clinical care settings: Delph survey and mixed-methods study

Hall, Charlotte L. and Taylor, John A. and Newell, Karen and Baldwin, Laurence and Sayal, Kapil and Hollis, Chris (2016) The challenges of implementing ADHD clinical guidelines and research best evidence in routine clinical care settings: Delph survey and mixed-methods study. British Journal of Psychiatry Open, 2 (1). pp. 25-31. ISSN 1472-1465

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Abstract

Background

The landmark US Multimodal Treatment of ADHD (MTA) study established the benefits of individualised medication titration and optimisation strategies to improve short- to medium-term outcomes in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This individualised medication management approach was subsequently incorporated into the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) ADHD Clinical Guidelines (NICE CG78). However, little is known about clinicians’ attitudes towards implementing these medication management strategies for ADHD in routine care.

Aims

To examine National Health Service (NHS) healthcare professionals’ consensus on ADHD medication management strategies.

Method

Using the Delphi method, we examined perceptions on the importance and feasibility of implementing 103 ADHD treatment statements from sources including the UK NICE ADHD guidelines and US medication management algorithms.

Results

Certain recommendations for ADHD medication management were judged as important and feasible to implement, including a stepwise titration of stimulant medication. Other recommendations were perceived as important but not feasible to implement in routine practice, such as weekly clinic follow-up with the family during titration and collection of follow-up symptom questionnaires.

Conclusions

Many of the key guideline recommendations for ADHD medication management are viewed by clinicians as important and feasible to implement. However, some recommendations present significant implementation challenges within the context of routine NHS clinical care in England.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Psychiatry
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1192/bjpo.bp.115.002386
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2016 13:23
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2016 15:23
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/31838

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