Surgical delivery of drug releasing poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)/poly(ethylene glycol) paste with in vivo effects against glioblastoma

Smith, Stuart J. and Rahman, Cheryl V. and Clarke, Alison A. and Gould, Toby W. and Ward, Jennifer H. and Shakesheff, Kevin M. and Grundy, Richard G. and Rahman, Ruman (2014) Surgical delivery of drug releasing poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)/poly(ethylene glycol) paste with in vivo effects against glioblastoma. Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, 96 (7). pp. 495-501. ISSN 1478-7083

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Abstract

Introduction: The median survival of patients with glioblastoma multiforme (astrocytoma grade 4) remains less than 18 months despite radical surgery, radiotherapy and systemic chemotherapy. Surgical implantation of chemotherapy eluting wafers into the resection cavity has been shown to improve length of survival but the current licensed therapy has several drawbacks. This paper investigates in vivo efficacy of a novel drug eluting paste in glioblastoma.

Methods: Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)/poly(ethylene glycol) (PLGA/PEG) self-sintering paste was loaded with the chemotherapeutic agent etoposide and delivered surgically into partially resected tumours in a flank murine glioblastoma xenograft model.

Results: Surgical delivery of the paste was successful and practical, with no toxicity or surgical morbidity to the animals. The paste was retained in the tumour cavity, and preliminary results suggest a useful antitumour and antiangiogenic effect, particularly at higher doses. Bioluminescent imaging was not affected significantly by the presence of the paste in the tumour.

Conclusions: Chemotherapy loaded PLGA/PEG paste seems to be a promising technology capable of delivering active drugs into partially resected tumours. The preliminary results of this study suggest efficacy with no toxicity and will lead to larger scale efficacy studies in orthotopic glioblastoma models.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Glioblastoma, Drug Delivery Systems, Neurosurgery
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Child Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1308/003588414X13946184903568
Depositing User: Rahman, Dr Ruman
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2016 11:56
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2016 01:35
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/31766

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