Principal component analysis of image gradient orientations for face recognition
Tzimiropoulos, Georgios and Zafeiriou, Stefanos and Pantic, Maja (2011) Principal component analysis of image gradient orientations for face recognition. In: 2011 IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face & Gesture Recognition (FG 2011), 21-25 March 2011, Santa Barbara, California, USA.
Official URL: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=5771457&punumber%3D5765597%26filter%3DAND%28p_IS_Number%3A5771322%29%26pageNumber%3D4
We introduce the notion of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) of image gradient orientations. As image data is typically noisy, but noise is substantially different from Gaussian, traditional PCA of pixel intensities very often fails to estimate reliably the low-dimensional subspace of a given data population. We show that replacing intensities with gradient orientations and the ℓ2 norm with a cosine-based distance measure offers, to some extend, a remedy to this problem. Our scheme requires the eigen-decomposition of a covariance matrix and is as computationally efficient as standard ℓ2 intensity-based PCA. We demonstrate some of its favorable properties for the application of face recognition.
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