The P body protein LSm1 contributes to stimulation of hepatitis C virus translation, but not replication, by microRNA-122
Roberts, Ashley P.E. and Doidge, Rachel and Tarr, Alexander W. and Jopling, Catherine L. (2014) The P body protein LSm1 contributes to stimulation of hepatitis C virus translation, but not replication, by microRNA-122. Nucleic Acids Research, 42 (2). pp. 1257-1269. ISSN 0305-1048
Official URL: http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/content/42/2/1257
The P body protein LSm1 stimulates translation and replication of hepatitis C virus (HCV). As the liver-specific microRNA-122 (miR-122) is required for HCV replication and is associated with P bodies, we investigated whether regulation of HCV by LSm1 involves miR-122. Here, we demonstrate that LSm1 contributes to activation of HCV internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-driven translation by miR-122. This role for LSm1 is specialized for miR-122 translation activation, as LSm1 depletion does not affect the repressive function of miR-122 at 3′ untranslated region (UTR) sites, or miR-122–mediated cleavage at a perfectly complementary site. We find that LSm1 does not influence recruitment of the microRNA (miRNA)-induced silencing complex to the HCV 5′UTR, implying that it regulates miR-122 function subsequent to target binding. In contrast to the interplay between miR-122 and LSm1 in translation, we find that LSm1 is not required for miR-122 to stimulate HCV replication, suggesting that miR-122 regulation of HCV translation and replication have different requirements. For the first time, we have identified a protein factor that specifically contributes to activation of HCV IRES-driven translation by miR-122, but not to other activities of the miRNA. Our results enhance understanding of the mechanisms by which miR-122 and LSm1 regulate HCV.
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