Strongly interacting low-dimensional Rydberg lattice gases in and out of equilibrium
Ji, Siyuan (2015) Strongly interacting low-dimensional Rydberg lattice gases in and out of equilibrium. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.
Recent achievements in ultra-cold experiments have made quantum simulation of interacting many-body systems possible in a well controllable environment. Of many candidates as quantum simulators, Rydberg atoms have been extensively utilised due to its exaggerated and fascinating atomic properties. Example includes high susceptibility to electric fields and relatively long life time in comparison to atoms in low-lying states. The tunable interaction between Rydberg atoms have made them even more versatile in simulating quantum many-body systems, e.g. interacting spin-1/2 particles. We will start the thesis by reviewing these properties of Rydberg atoms and explain how they lead to the Rydberg lattice gases that of interest.
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