The interplay between tissue growth and scaffold degradation in engineered tissue constructs

O'Dea, Reuben D. and Osborne, J.M. and El Haj, A. and Byrne, H.M. and Waters, S.L. (2013) The interplay between tissue growth and scaffold degradation in engineered tissue constructs. Journal of Mathematical Biology, 67 (5). pp. 1199-1225. ISSN 0303-6812

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Abstract

In vitro tissue engineering is emerging as a potential tool to meet the high demand for replacement tissue, caused by the increased incidence of tissue degeneration and damage. A key challenge in this field is ensuring that the mechanical properties of the engineered tissue are appropriate for the in vivo environment. Achieving this goal will require detailed understanding of the interplay between cell proliferation, extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition and scaffold degradation.

In this paper, we use a mathematical model (based upon a multiphase continuum framework) to investigate the interplay between tissue growth and scaffold degradation during tissue construct evolution in vitro. Our model accommodates a cell population and culture medium, modelled as viscous fluids, together with a porous scaffold and ECM deposited by the cells, represented as rigid porous materials. We focus on tissue growth within a perfusion bioreactor system, and investigate how the predicted tissue composition is altered under the influence of (i) differential interactions between cells and the supporting scaffold and their associated ECM, (ii) scaffold degradation, and (iii) mechanotransduction-regulated cell proliferation and ECM deposition.

Numerical simulation of the model equations reveals that scaffold heterogeneity typical of that obtained from µCT scans of tissue engineering scaffolds can lead to significant variation in the flow-induced mechanical stimuli experienced by cells seeded in the scaffold. This leads to strong heterogeneity in the deposition of ECM. Furthermore, preferential adherence of cells to the ECM in favour of the artificial scaffold appears to have no significant influence on the eventual construct composition; adherence of cells to these supporting structures does, however, lead to cell and ECM distributions which mimic and exaggerate the heterogeneity of the underlying scaffold. Such phenomena have important ramifications for the mechanical integrity of engineered tissue constructs and their suitability for implantation in vivo.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00285-012-0587-9
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00285-012-0587-9
Depositing User: O'Dea, Dr Reuben
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2015 07:45
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2016 02:04
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/29050

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