Novel integrated design techniques for biorefineries
Ng, Lik Yin (2015) Novel integrated design techniques for biorefineries. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.
Utilisation of biomass is identified as one of the promising solutions to reduce society’s dependence on fossil fuels and mitigate climate change caused by the exploitation of fossil fuels. By using the concept of biorefinery, biomass can be converted into value-added products such as biofuels, biochemical products and biomaterials in a greener and sustainable way. To enhance the efficiency of biorefinery, the concept of integrated biorefinery which focuses on the integration of various biomass conversion technologies is utilised. To date, various biomass conversion pathways are available to convert biomass into a wide range of products. Due to the substantial amount of potential products and conversion technologies, determining of chemical products and processing routes in an integrated biorefinery have become more challenging. Hence, there is a need for a methodology capable of evaluating the integrated process in order to identify the optimal products as well as the optimal conversion pathways that produce the identified products.
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